Introduction occupational skin diseases are among the most common occupational diseases reported for a skin disease to be considered occupational in origin there must be a causal relationship between the occupation or work and the skin disease. Occupational skin diseases are the second most common type of occupational disease niosh estimates that more than 13 million us workers are potentially exposed to chemicals that can be absorbed through their skin. Definition of occupational skin disease occupational skin diseases also known as occupational dermatoses are skin diseases caused by exposures to hazards at work in relation to skin the most relevant chemical hazards are irritants sensitising photosensitising and acnegenic agents. Skin hazards causes of osd include chemical agents mechanical trauma physical agents and biological agents chemical agents are the main cause of occupational skin diseases and disorders these agents are divided into two types primary irritants and sensitizers. Contact dermatitis the most common occupational skin disease is characterized by clearly demarcated areas of rash at sites of exposure the rash improves on removal of the offending agent
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