The breakthrough of laparoscopic surgery was the development of laparoscopic cholecystectomy which within few years was established as the golden standard approach in these early days laparoscopy was still far away from being standard of care in the field of urology. The articles do not aim to make expert laparoscopists out of the readers they have been written to serve as guides in planning a procedure laparoscopic urology has a steep learning curve with significant potential for complications even today it is a subspecialty of urology and these surgeries are being performed by dedicated urologic surgeons. Laparoscopy is the mini invasive alternative to robotic surgery however it requires a good knowledge of the following areas patient preparation correct indications laparoscopic instruments major surgical technique outlined step by step guidelines for each procedure postoperative management resolutions for frequent complications results and outcomes this course is devised to cover all . The new generation robotic system is currently available at stanford and the robotic laparoscopic surgery is offered to the appropriate patients after thorough evaluation in the urology clinic minimally invasive surgery may not be an appropriate option to every patient. During the past decade we have witnessed exponential advances and applications of laparoscopy in all fields of surgical practice perhaps in no other surgical subspecialty have these advances been more prevalent than in urology previous surgical procedures recognized as the gold standards of practice are being replaced by procedures that promise equivalent success rates with the added
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