The military modernization program of the chinese peoples liberation army which began in the late 1970s had three major focuses first under the political leadership of deng xiaoping the military became disengaged from civilian politics and for the most part resumed the political quiescence that characterized its pre cultural revolution role deng reestablished civilian control over the . The chinese military overview and issues for congress congressional research service 2 background overview of the chinese military chinas military is formally called the peoples liberation army pla the pla shares many features in common with militaries around the world but its organization has many unique features. A history of the modern chinese army links chinas military modernization to the countrys growing international and economic power and provides a unique perspective on chinas esttablishment and maintenance of one of the worlds most advanced military forces. The peoples liberation army navy plan among the most crucial areas of chinese military modernisation is the expansion of its naval capabilities the gulf war of 1991 and the taiwan strait crisis of 1995 1996 changed chinese perceptions on having a competent navy that will promote the countrys maritime defence. The republic of china army roca is the largest branch of the republic of china armed forcesan estimated 80 of the roc army is located on taiwan while the remainder are stationed on the penghu kinmen matsu dongsha and taiping island since the chinese civil war no armistice or peace treaty has ever been signed as the final line of defense against a possible invasion by the peoples
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